The most important stage of the marijuana life cycle is its seedling stage. It’s either you grow a clone or a seed, the most hands-on part in the cultivation stage starts with the seeds. Transplanting cannabis seedlings is the most crucial part. Do it wrong, and you can lose the crop. Do it right, and you’ll get a chance to grow great weeds. Through this article, we will show you how to do the right way in transplanting cannabis seedlings to pots, including what the best containers for transplant, and how to avoid marijuana transplant shock.
The Benefits of Transplanting Cannabis
Cannabis plants do their best when grown in larger sized containers. It is true in all kinds of plants, but it is more relevant when it comes to marijuana plants. In both coco and soil, transplanting marijuana helps encourage the optimum conditions for early growth. Trying to keep small cannabis plants in smaller containers makes it easier to reach the right air to water ratio to promote bigger roots. And even for newbie growers, the risk of transplanting cannabis plants obviously outweighs the downsides.
The Benefits of Transplanting Marijuana Plants in Soil
For some reason, transplanting cannabis seedlings is vital once growing it in the soil. Just like any medium, cannabis plants initiated growing faster in small containers, developing a root growth ball volume and a high root density. While in the soil, nevertheless, there’s even more important reasons to start in a small container, it is the ratio of air to water.
Transplanting Promotes the Best Air to Water Ratio
One of the big advantages of keeping small cannabis plants in small containers is that they don’t become water-logged. The soil maintains too much water and the roots endure from oxygen starvation instantly after watering. With larger plants, the root itself helps to absorb water and keep the soil from staying water-logged. Even so, when smaller plants go into larger containers, they couldn’t absorb enough water through their roots and the soil would continue to stay saturated. It would affect the root growth and might lead to the death of your plant.
Newbie cannabis growers sometimes think that starting a plant in a larger container of soil is the safest way to grow. Nevertheless, you need to be a skilled gardener for you to enable watering small plants in larger containers of soil without underwater or overwatering it. In fact, it is easier to learn about transplanting cannabis seedlings to pots than it is to efficiently water smaller plants in larger containers.
The Benefits of Transplanting Marijuana Plants in Coco
The coco coir mixed with perlite is an extraordinary growing medium as it keeps sufficient oxygen in the media. Which implies that after watering, the roots aren’t water-logged, because they always have a supply of oxygen. Nevertheless, the ratio of air to water is still higher when the cannabis plants are in the wrong container. In addition, the air to water isn’t the only gain to transplanting marijuana. Just like any other plant is almost all kind, transplanting cannabis in coco coir is vital to help seek the best root system and root ball volume.
Transplanting Cannabis Produces the Best Roots
The roots would quickly reach the button and conquer mainly all along to the bottom of the container when the plants grow in containers. Transplanting cannabis seedlings to pots through a period of steps promotes the roots to conquer the full mass of media. You could even think of potting-up as a form of root train through a transplant method. On every step, the cannabis plant creates a new root density some prior to planting. This helps make a final container with root density all around the mass of the media instead of mainly at the bottom.
Smaller containers early on in life promote the formation of root balls and contribute to higher root density all throughout the life of the plant. However, if a smaller plant grows in a larger container, it sends it root to the bottom. This leaves a vast empty mass of medium with a fairly few roots. As a result, the medium will take time to dry and the roots will have less oxygen available. The roots would not repopulate the center of the pot once they have grown beyond it. Starting plants in a larger container efficiently decreases the possible root area and potential harvest as a result.
Seedlings Grow Slowly in Large Containers
Starting plants in larger containers doesn’t only reduce their potential, but it also slows the growth. Larger containers don’t always hold sufficient oxygen for root growth in the middle of the media and the roots would grow at the surfaces and bottom. This pushes the seedlings to invest extra energy in root growth at the benefit of above-ground growth. It has a substance abuse prevention on slowing vegetative growth in early life since the above-ground growth is the source of all energy. Start planting seeds in smaller containers and potting up adds more balanced and rapid growth. Roots rapidly reach the bottom and repopulate the seedling pot, enabling young seedlings to grow just above the ground. Potting up the second container and then the final container remains this procedure of structured growth and root colonization.
What is Transplant Shock?
Many cannabis growers avoid transplanting marijuana because they are concerned about “marijuana transplant shock.” Nevertheless, even newbie growers could still totally avoid a marijuana transplant shock once potting. Actuality, transplant shock as an agricultural phenomenon isn’t really related to the style of transplantation that we exercise. We’re “potting-up,” that simply moves a marijuana plant to a large container of the same medium. If we take safety steps with the medium and the roots, the plant would not have a transplant shock.
Transplant Shock Could be Avoided When Potting-Up
Transplant shock is typically the result of significant physical root injury during the transplantation process. This sometimes happens once plants are exhumed from the ground to be replanted in a different place. In this type of transplant, the root of the tap sometimes endures serious damage. Luckily, with indoor marijuana, we ‘re aren’t doing that kind of transplant. Newbie marijuana growers sometimes fear about harming roots during transplantation. Fortunately, root harm that happens when plants are planted is typically incidental. This slight harm to external roots doesn’t really result in a transplant shock. Even so, that little root trimming helps stimulate the growth of the spongy root.
Steps to Avoid Shocking the Roots
Another reason for the marijuana transplant shock is “root shock.” It normally happens because plants experience many different fertilizers or an unknown medium at their location. Root shock sometimes impacts garden starters, which are started in seedling pots and then converted to garden beds. It may also impact marijuana plants if the transplanting medium also isn’t prepared properly. With simple precautions, growers could still totally avoid “root shock” when planting. We don’t change the medium, just increase the volume of it. But, it’s essential to make sure that the new media are set to the very same variables as the current plant media. By pre-watering the new media with the very same nutrient solution that is used for the plant, you could achieve this in soil or coco coir. Just be sure to measure the EC or Electrical Conductivity of the water in the flower via new media and verify it’s accuracy before transplanting cannabis seedlings.
Root shock could also happen if the roots are exposed to air and light for a long time during the transplanting process. You must always get the new pot before that and do the transplant process quickly. If the transplanting cannabis seedlings to pots are done quickly and the new plant has the same fertilizers and electrical conductivity, then the cannabis roots would not be shocked. Instead of having a transplant shock, you can expect to see a growth surge instantly after your pot-up.
Transplant Strategy for Cannabis
I suggest 3 stages of transplanting cannabis strategy for most marijuana plants in coco coir and soil. The first seedling container is small to permit the young cannabis plant to develop a root ball volume quickly. The 2nd stage permits the roots to expand just as the plant grows little by little. When the roots have colonized the second container, the cannabis plants are now ready to be potted in their final container. They would move in their final container with the major root ball volume that would form the basis for vigorous and healthy growth during the rest of the vegetation and flowering stages.
Transplanting Cannabis Seedlings to Pots
When choosing pots for your transplanting cannabis strategy, consider the size and material of the container. The material in the container would also affect the growth of the plant and the difficulty of the transplantation process. The size of the pot that you must choose as a pot is determined largely by the medium that you use. Coco coir-growing plants do better in a smaller second container than soil-growing plants. Picking the right transplant containers guarantees the easiest transplantation process and the best crop production.
When is the right time to transplant?
Here are the few indicators that your marijuana is ready for a new pot:
- The number of leaves: young cannabis plants sprouted in small containers are probably able to be transplanted after 4 to 5 sets of leaves have bloomed.
- Root development: check the hole at the bottom of the pot, the plant must have visible white healthy roots. Any darkening or discoloration might imply that perhaps the plant is becoming root bound so transplanting marijuana plants must start happening instantly.
- End of the vegetative stage: many cannabis growers choose transplanting cannabis seedlings into a finishing pot in the last 2 weeks of seed germination until the plant shifts to the flowering stage. At this moment, the cannabis plant would then blow up both in volume and size and would require a considerable amount of room for root growth.
Transplanting Cannabis Seedlings Step-by-Step
Prepare the new container and media
The very first step here is to prepare the new seedlings for the new container. The aim is to make a medium with very same nutrients, pH, and electrical conductivity. Based on the media, this could be as easy as filling the pot and getting it wet or pre-fertilize and measurements might be needed. Fill up the pot with the new media, but keep some room for the transplanting process. At the time of transplantation, the new media must be extensively saturated. If you really are completing your plants, the new media must be saturated with much the same nutrient which the plants have received. If you saturate the new media, you must gather most of the excesses that run-off and evaluate the EC. The coco, which comes directly from the stabilizing procedure, is sometimes too high for plants in the EC. It is usual to have new soil that would be too high in the EC too though. The high electrical conductivity is now the main cause of “transplant shock” in the new media, but this can be totally avoided. If the electrical conductivity reading is outside of the usual range for the plant, proceed to flushing the new media till the EC run-off is within range. When the media has been saturated and the electrical conductivity has been verified, this was time to create a hole to obtain the plant. Generally, we dig the hole with bare hands and move the media into the corners of the pot. Make sure to make the hole bigger than the previous pot. You could even eyeball this or certainly reduce the plant into another hole while it was still in its container to evaluate the size.
Prepare the Plant
It helps to separate the old container from the plant and the medium prior to actually trying to remove it. In most containers, you must be able to maneuver a butter knife or similar material along the inside edge of the pot. If you grow in tissue pots, you may be able to cut through many roots while doing it. It isn’t an issue to break down these external roots.
Remove the Old Container
The common practice for removing the old container involves turning the plant upside down temporarily. Simply cover the surface of the media with your hand as best you could do. Switch the plant and pull the pot out of the media. Plastic pots would then wear away, but fabric pots might have to be worked out with some cautiousness. The simplest way of removing the tissue pots is by using the scissors to cut them. The fabric seedling containers are very cheap, so use the scissors to cut the bottom out of the bag. Then I cut a hole on the side and peel off the pot. The second containers are much more expensive and sturdy, so try to save them. The “Velcro transplanter” pots make it much easier to remove the containers. If you don’t have transplanting pots, you could also turn a standard cloth pot into some kind of “transplanter” pot by cutting a hole on the side. You could then close the safety pin slit to use the pot once more.
Transfer to New Container
This step is supposed to go quickly! Just take the pot-less plant and the medium and place it in the hole you prepared in the new container. Replace-in the hole by trying to push the media back from the sides. That’s it, the transplanting cannabis is successful!
After transplantation, you must monitor the plant and make sure that it grows well before plant exercise is resumed. Most of the plants will thrive and grow comfortable in their new pots. If they’re happy, you could continue training 24 hours just after transplant. But, if the plant is a bit cranky about the transplanting, give it a chance to recuperate before implementing extra pressure.